- Kenneth Haskin
Italian Futurism Vs. Italian Fascism
The turn of the 20th century brought revolution to Europe. The Euro-Russians had a movement, Constructivism, that flourished in art, music, and, architecture until the Red communists pushed out the Whites in 1917. This led to Stalin, stalinism, and some pretty horrible architecture with neo classical motifs.
Of the many other are movements the Italian Futurists were quite interesting. Their art was based on speed. Things were to move fast and forward--like the new cars, planes and motorcycles-- though they only moved at around 35-65 miles per hour at the time. These artists wanted to capture the danger and motion of modern machines. Umberto Boccioni was a sculptor and painter who tried to show movement in his work.
Unfortunately Futurist speed did not make it into Italian architecture. Nothing was really built in the manner of motion. One architect, Antonio St. Elia made beautiful sketches before tragically dying in WWI. They were powerful but very heavy and static. His works looked like more like Dams and Power stations than something in motion.
Once Mussolini's fascist movement took over the architecture became brutal, minimal, and neo classical. It seems that revolution brings motion but eventually the more familiar symbolism of "The State" come back to weigh things down. Futurism was lost to history and the fascists.
For more on Russian Constructivism follow this to the MOMA exhibition in December: http://archpaper.com/2016/10/moma-exhibit-constructivism-russian-avant-garde/#gallery-0-slide-0
#futuris #futurism #terraggne #Stalin #constructivism #speed #movement #StElia #Italianarchitecture #Russianarchitecture #HouseofFascism